Common Conditions Treated by Pulmonologists

What is a Pulmonologist and What Do They Treat? - Intercoastal Medical GroupThe pulmonary system in our bodies consists of the lungs and the respiratory tract and is vital for breathing and oxygen distribution. Given the complexity of the respiratory system and the importance of proper breathing function, the role of pulmonologists in medical care should not be underestimated. A pulmonologist is a medical specialist who specializes in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the respiratory system. In this post, we will explore the roles of pulmonologist, how to become one, what types of conditions they treat, and how they play a key role in helping patients breathe easy once again.


What do Pulmonologists do?


Pulmonologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory system illnesses and diseases. They use medical treatments, procedures, and surgeries to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the lungs, bronchial tubes, and respiratory tract. They also work closely with other specialized medical professionals to determine the best course of treatment. Pulmonologists can also work within a hospital or private practice and have a broad range of responsibilities.


Education and Training


To become a pulmonologist, an individual must complete four years of undergraduate study, four years of medical school, and a three-year internal medicine residency training program that includes a rotation specializing in pulmonology. Following that, the specialist needs to complete a two-year fellowship focused on pulmonary disorders, critical care medicine, and sleep medicine. After completing all these educational requirements, the pulmonologist can take the certification examination and become board-certified in pulmonary medicine, making them a fully qualified pulmonologist.


Types of Conditions Pulmonologists Treat


Pulmonologists treat several types of respiratory and lung conditions ranging from mild illnesses to severe, chronic diseases. Some common conditions include asthma, COPD, bronchitis, lung cancer, pulmonary fibrosis, and sleep apnea. They also work with patients who may have a variety of breathing problems or complications ranging from breathing difficulties to lung infections.


Treatment Process


When patients experience respiratory symptoms or illness, a pulmonologist will typically conduct a thorough examination and study the patient’s medical history before making a diagnosis. The pulmonologist will conduct laboratory tests, imaging tests, and other diagnostic studies. Once the condition is diagnosed, the pulmonologist will determine a treatment plan based on the individual’s unique needs, including medication, lifestyle changes, surgeries, or other specialized treatments. A pulmonologist’s primary goal is to improve patient outcomes and help patients breathe easy once again.


How Pulmonologists Play a Key Role in Proper Breathing


With so many respiratory illnesses, diseases, and complications that can affect a person’s ability to breathe properly, pulmonologists play a critical role in maintaining healthy respiratory systems. Pulmonologists help educate people on proper breathing techniques, how to use inhalers, breathing monitoring devices, and other specialized tools. By working in conjunction with other medical professionals, pulmonologists can help patients manage their respiratory illnesses and provide support that they need on their path to better health.




Pulmonologists play a vital role in diagnosing and treating respiratory illnesses and diseases, improving patients’ breathing function. Their specialized education and training make them equipped to handle a broad range of respiratory-related issues, and they work closely with other specialized medical professionals to ensure patients receive proper diagnoses and customized treatment. While breathing may seem like a simple bodily function that does not require much attention, having a pulmonologist by your side can make all the difference in the world. Don’t take your breathing system for granted and prioritize routine medical check-ups with a pulmonologist to ensure optimal respiratory health and function.